If you run "Puppet" inside a chroot (like I do during an FAI Deployment run), it would be handy to not (re)start or stop services.

So, a couple of days before I asked the question "How to determine if you are running puppet inside a chroot".

The first answer was, thanks again to Daniel Pittman:

export FACTER_chroot=whatever 
chroot puppetd -vdt --waitforcert var/log/puppetrun.log

You can then question the facter "$chroot" inside your class or node recipe.

But there is another way, IMHO more elegant way:

initramfs-tools and udev are providing a dynamic way of how to determine if you are running in a chroot or not.

Just check /var/lib/dpkg/info and read e.g. initramfs-tools.preinst.
You find this shell function:

chrooted() {
# borrowed from udev's postinst
if [ "$(stat -c %d/%i /)" = "$(stat -Lc %d/%i /proc/1/root 2>/dev/null)" ]; then
# the devicenumber/inode pair of / is the same as that of
# /sbin/init's root, so we're not in a chroot and hence
# return false.
return 1
return 0

There you go.

Now...let's convert it into a puppet facter.
To do this, create a module e.g. chroot

$ mkdir -p /etc/puppet/modules/chroot/{manifests,lib,lib/facter}

Create a file named "ischroot.rb" with the following content:

require 'facter'

isChroot = %x{if [ "$(stat -c %d/%i /)" = "$(stat -Lc %d/%i /proc/1/root 2>/dev/null)" ]; then echo "false" ; else echo "true" ; fi}.chomp.downcase

Facter.add("ischroot") do
        setcode do

Save it. There you go. (Eventually restart your puppetmaster, when you are not running the puppetmaster under apache2 with mod

Now, your puppet client will sync your plugin dir, and installs the ischroot.rb in /var/lib/puppet/lib/facter/ischroot.rb

When you need to know if you are inside a chroot or not, just ask in your class or node recipe:

case $is_chroot {
'true': {
# do whatever you need to do when you are in a chroot
'false': {
# do whatever you need to do when you are not in a chroot

Hope it helps you :)